What is ALERRT?
The Advanced Law Enforcement Rapid Response Training (ALERRT) Center at Texas State University was created in 2002 to address the need for active shooter response training for first responders.
Using more than $50 million in state and federal grant funding in the last fourteen years, the ALERRT Center at Texas State has trained more than 85,000 police officers nationwide in dynamic, force-on-force scenario-based training. In 2013, the FBI partnered with the ALERRT Center at Texas State and named ALERRT their national standard for active shooter response training.
FBI Special Agents now assist ALERRT in delivering the ALERRT curriculum across the United States and Territories helping prepare state and local officers while establishing local partnerships with their law enforcement colleagues.
WHAT CAN CIVILIANS DO?
Case studies of active shooter events show that civilian response to these events can impact their survivability. We advocate a response method known as Avoid-Deny-Defend (ADD). If possible, you should avoid the shooter. This entails leaving the scene if possible (e.g., running away, accessing emergency exits). If you are unable to avoid the shooter, the next best alternative is to deny the shooter access to your location. This can mean locking a door, barricading a door, or stacking objects in an opening to block entrance. The last resort for civilians is to defend. It is important to remember that you have a legal right to defend yourself in this situation. It may be necessary to utilize any available object as a weapon to disarm and halt the shooter. Furthermore, multiple people can ban together and overwhelm the shooter. Remember, what you do matters.
For more information, please click on the button to visit the official Avoid-Deny-Defend website sponsored by ALERRT.
Click on the link below for more information.
The data presented here are obtained through ongoing systematic searches for active shooter events.
Multiple search engines (e.g., Lexis-Nexis, Google) were utilized to search for news stories from 2000 to present for active shooter events in the United States using search terms including, but not limited to: Active shooter, mass shooting, shooting spree, spree shooting, business shooting, mall shooting, and school shooting.
Possible active shooter events were identified from these searches and then evaluated to see if they met the following federal definition of an active shooter event: Individuals actively engaged in killing or attempting to kill people in populated areas. At least one of the victims must be unrelated to the shooter. The primary motive appears to be mass murder; that is the shooting is not a by-product of an attempt to commit another crime. While many gang-related shootings could fall with-in this category, gang-related shootings were excluded from this study because gang related shootings are not considered to be active shooter events by the police (FBI Report 2015).
At least two coders examined each candidate event to see if it met the requirement of this definition.
In order to check the completeness of our list, we checked the events that we had identified against other lists/collections of active shooter events. For example, it is common in the wake of an active shooter event for newspapers to publish lists of similar events. While it is always possible that we missed a case, we believe that the collection of events presented here is close to the complete population of events that occurred in the United States in the last decade.
Three sources were utilized to collect information about the events. These were: reports from the investigating agency or agencies, the Supplemental Homicide Reports (SHR) produced by the FBI, and news stories. SHR data are not available for the state of Florida; thus, these events were not included in the SHR. Recent events are generally under ongoing investigations and the investigating agencies do not release these reports. Therefore, events that occurred in the last years of the data set were, generally, coded from the most recent news reports.
Some states do not report their information to the FBI for inclusion in the SHRs and attacks where no one dies are also not reported. As mentioned previously, news stories were utilized to initially identify the events, so news reports were available on all events listed on the website. When data were available from multiple sources, the agreement between the sources was high. Two coders also code the events to ensure reliability of data.
Contact Diana Hendricks, Director of Communications, (office-512.245.4779 or cell-512.618.3373) and she will direct you to subject matter experts and/or interviews with key personnel in the field of active shooter response and terrorism response tactics.